Full-fledged 3G services of BSNL from October

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited will launch fullfledged third generation mobile telephone services (3G) in chennai  by mid-October.
Major district headquarters in the State, beginning with Coimbatore, will be covered by end-November, said D.Varadharajan, Chief General Manager of BSNL (Tamilnadu Circle).
BSNL had a nation-wide commercial launch of the 3G services on February 27.
Mr.Varadharajan said the State had most of the facilities in place. Additional towers were being installed and training of personnel was almost complete. Private mobile operators will take a year more before they launch the services.
The first requirement for gaining access to the high quality voice services along with high speed data and video
services is a 3G-enabled handset and a 3G SIM card.
When the services were rolled out in 11 cities, BSNL had fixed SIM fee at Rs. 300. This rate structure will continue.
As of now, in the 11 cities, BSNL has voice-based pre-paid plans ranging between Rs. 350 and Rs. 1,350,
while subscribers who opt for the post-paid model will pay between Rs. 500 and Rs. 2,500 per month. For data
services, BSNL will charge additionally. Across the country, this costs between Rs. 250 and Rs. 3,001.

source the hindu 20/09/09

ITSA manifesto

i always wanted to have a strong platform in college to encourage and support the students to harness and flourish talent of individual. during BE we really done fantastic job in ITSA. since all members were in proper synchronization and ITSA head and committee members were having good command on their team things really went in right way. though we face many problems we strive for success and ultimately achieved it.

it was much needed to create some policies at end of our term but due to internal clashes with staff n student things were out of control. so now i am posting some of recommendation for ITSA so that the operation will be corruption free and things will be very much clear to all. these policies will be forwarded to HOD for  ITSA 2010. till that time we should have discussion on these issue and we can come up with better policies. the draft version is as follows,

A] method of ITSA head selection:

  1. every student from SE to BE should be give universal suffrage. since ITSA take funds from all IT students they must have this right.
  2. voting dates should be declared before at least a week of voting date. and voting event must take place within 20 days of 7th sem commence.
  3. total number of students should be registered to HOD. here attendance sheet of all 3 year students should be used to create voters list. while election student must sign it before the voter booth.
  4. the process should run for entire day for voting for each year.
  5. result of voting should be announced on next day by publishing his name on notice board.

B] criteria for ITSA head:-

  1. he must be student of FAMT
  2. he must be a regular student i.e. no drops.(no problems with KT in previous semesters)
  3. he must be member of ITSA for at least for one year previously.
  4. his academic attendance must be more that 70% collectively of previous years.
  5. preferably he should be student of BE, but it is not mandatory.
  6. all candidate opting for election must register their names to ITSA teacher in charge.

the entire process should be monitored by HOD. the HOD will have veto power and if he is not agree with the selection of candidate he can ask the students for re-election but if same candidate is elected by students as ITSA head then all management should accept his as ITSA head.

C] ITSA members:

  1. the ITSA head should select his team of other Committee heads. these members should have at least one year experience of working in  ITSA. THIS SHOULD BE MANDATORY.
  2. the IT teacher in charge should approve this list of students.
  3. the selection process should be finished in 3days, after selection of ITSA head.
  4. the selected members list should be displayed on notice board.
  1. every committee head should be given full authority to select it`s team from all IT students applicants. the hierarchy must not be more than 2 layers.  the selected students list must be approved by ITSA head.

D] Recommended committees

  • events
  • programming
  • advertising
  • documentation n critics
  • resource management
  • finance
  • Negotiation committee.
  • planning committee (should be aligned with documentation committee)

apart from this the ITSA head can add or subtract any committee with approval of ITSA teacher in charge.

E] Recommended works for each committee:

Each committee must include a member for documentation who will also be a member of documentation committee. He will work under working of respective committee head.

1. Events

  1. This committee will be associated with all type of events that took place in college or outside the college. All arrangement like infrastructure n facilities will be responsibility of this committee.
  2. The work of this committee will be of hardware type.
  3. The committee should work with finance committee and should seek for external sponsors for events.

2. Tech enthusiasts committee

  1. the most interesting committee, members of this committee will be selected by team of teachers, including (HOD, ITSA teacher in charge, any 1 senior teachers vote who has taught SE,TE regarding who was best in respective class) criteria:as committee name suggest.
  2. The resource management includes managing various resources like CD/DVD of tutorials or articles and preservation of them for upcoming batches.
  3. this committee will be responsible for web  site of ITSA and other site to promote IT.
  4. the committee will work independent of ITSA and will be under control of a staff member, appointed by HOD. the staff member must be excellent programmer and should have interest in programming.

3. Programming

  1. This committee should be associated with hosting ceremony and related things.
  2. Work of this committee will be of software type.
  3. Both the committee must work in synchronization.

4. Advertisement

  1. Function of this committee will be making advertisement about the events.
  2. This committee will include sub hierarchy of
    1. Notice board
    2. Web site/ blogs of ITSA
    3. The members must be selected properly and should be a representative from each year. Reports of planning committee will be helpful for selection process.

5. Documentation

  1. The most important committee, the member of this committee should also be member of other committee. i.e. a member should be there to document events going in all committees and will maintain the file.
  2. Head of committee should be only person having sole responsibility of one committee.
  3. Head of this committee should track progress of the work.
  4. The head of this committee must submit a report at 8th semester based on entire year’s review of working of all committees and their files.

6. finance

  1. The work of this committee Relates to all kind of financial activates.

7. Negotiation committee

  1. The head of this committee must be CR of the BE.
  2. ITSA head is by default a member of this committee.
  3. Work of this committee will be of negotiation in case of any kind of conflicts in IT students and inter college student associations. In case of student teacher clashes this committee can work out a composite dialog process.
  4. The committee should seek to keep healthy communication and relationship with other student association of FAMT.

8. planning committee (should be aligned with documentation committee)

perhaps the most critical and important committee.

  1. Head of this committee must be topper (of TE) or the programming candle holder person from BE or a computer geek from BE class. The ITSA teacher in charge can have his interpretation for geek.
  2. Work of this committee is to plane the events of ITSA for each year.
  3. Plan strategy for making efficient use of talent from IT students. The committee should seek for interest and need of the students and accordingly give recommendation to ITSA head to arrange any lecture or workshop for students.
  4. The members should have knowledge about IT current affairs.
  5. During 8th sem. The committee should be guiding force for COG of brainwaves and Utopia COG. For this in 7th sem they should create strategy to develop the necessary software skills.
  6. Head of documentation should also be member of this committee and must contribute in the documentation of planning, but both documents should be independent of each other.
  7. At 8th seem, head of committee should submit a report with recommendation for next year ITSA.

F] Miscellaneous:

1. Anytime members of each committee should not exceed than 5 (only exception can be for documentation committee) . Recommended number is head+3 members and one duo member from documentation committee.

2. Total members of ITSA should not exceed than [(no of committees*5) +no of committee].

3. No member of ITSA can be removed from committee without permission from ITSA teacher in charge.

4. To amend these laws, 2/3 of total committee members should be agree on the amendment and ITSA teacher in charge will be having full authority whether or not to accept it.

5. It is recommended to have a representative from each year in the committee but the head can decide policy depending on availability of members and their interests.

6. There should be No provision for any kind of reservation*, the process of selection should be absolutely based on capacity and talent of individual. (* point 5 is exception)

7. all IT students will have right to information and they can ask for the information about ITSA working, utilization of money. negotiation committee will be in responsible for any such request.

8. depending on sensitivity of data ITSA head can deny a request.

9. management should consider 1% absentees for ITSA members from total number of lectures in a semester. that is approximately 4 lectures.

10. ITSA represents an engineering college so events and planning should represent technical skills.

11. any event of ITSA should not challenge to sovereignty of FAMT.

12. ITSA should work like NGO. ITSA is created to harness the talent of IT ions and not to govern the IT department or to compete with other student association, so working and events should reflect this attitude.

13. last event of ITSA (after UTOPIA/BRAINWAVES) should be arranging a forum/ workshop of current FE IT students. here ITSA should introduce the students with IT staff and the website created to share idea n innovations.

14. Just after election of ITSA head and committee first event must be get-together of SE students and ITSA team, guiding them for how to progress in comming years. for that speaker should be any responsible teacher, not a student.

15. The candidate shall also not have been subject to any disciplinary action by the college authorities. in any such case he must get exlcusive permission from HOD.

if you want to suggest a change post it according to section and no. of clause. Like to suggest change in committee post replay as

section you want change followed by the sub point for example (E.3.2) i.e section E  point 3 subpoint 2.

1. Anytime members of each committee should not exceed than 5 (only exception can be for documentation committee) . Recommended number is head+3 members and one duo member from documentation committee.

2. Total members of ITSA should not exceed than [(no of committees*5) +no of committee].

3. No member of ITSA can be removed from committee without permission from ITSA teacher in charge.

4. To amend these laws, 2/3 of total committee members should be agree on the amendment and ITSA teacher in charge will be having full authority whether or not to accept it.

5. It is recommended to have a representative from each year in the committee but the head can decide policy depending on availability of members and their interests.

6. There should be No provision for any kind of reservation, the process of selection should be absolutely based on capacity and talent of individual.

7. all IT students will have right to information and they can ask for the information about ITSA working. negotiation committee will be in responsible for any such request.

depending on sensitivity of data ITSA head can deny a request.

8. management should consider 1% absentees for ITSA members from total number of lectures in a semester. that is approximately 4 lectures.

9. ITSA represents a engineering college so events and planning should represent technical skills.

10. any event of ITSA should not challenge to sovereignty of FAMT.

11. ITSA should work like NGO. ITSA is created to harness the talent of IT ions and not to govern the IT department or to compete with other student association, so working and events should reflect this attitude.

35 Creative Paper Inspired Website Design

Using paper as an design element on a website can be very beautiful for your Site. Paper has been used as a page background as well as navigation menu background in the following 35 sites that  are showcased. Paper as a part of design element has been very popular trend among web designers.

check out the collection of 35 best examples of paper as a design element for your inspiration.

http://thedesignmag.com/35-creative-paper-inspired-website-design.html

International Ozone Day…

Since 1995, on 16 September each year, the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is celebrated. This date has been designated by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 49/114, to commemorate the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

This commemoration around the world offers an opportunity to focus attention and action at the global, regional and national levels on the protection of the ozone layer. All Member States are invited to devote this special day to promotion, at the national level, of concrete activities in accordance with the objectives and goals of the Montreal Protocol and its Amendment.

Life on earth has been safeguarded for thousands of years because of a life protecting layer in the atmosphere. This layer composed of ozone acts as a shield to protect the earth against harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun. The Ozone layer is unique to our planet. If the ozone layer weakens or disappears, the UV radiation would sterilize the surface of the globe, annihilating most terrestrial life. Ozone depleting man made chemicals emitted into the atmosphere are responsible for the depletion of ozone.

just like god the layer is invisible and protect us from harm rays so By our individual small approaches, we can make a difference in maintaining the ozone layer. This is a golden chance to analyse the present situation and by concentrating and focusing attention toward this phenomenon, we should move ahead to do something substantial at the regional, global and national levels to protect the ozone layer.

25 things you need to know that will make your transition to an open source OS easy.

The basics

1. What’s a distribution?
Linux isn’t sold as a single package like Windows or MacOS. There are lots of variations on the basic operating system put together by different people for different reasons.

Some might be hardware specific – designed to run on netbooks, for example – while some might be tailored towards particular uses, like general desktops, webservers or multimedia workstations.

Think of them as like the different versions of Vista, but with many more apps in each package. Each of these different bundles is called a ‘distribution’.

2. How are they different?
The most obvious differences between distributions are the number and type of applications that come pre-installed. Under the hood, they may use a different technique for managing sound playback, too.

Not all distributions will use the same versions of core system files either, rather the ones they’ve tested and are most likely to work with the other programs in the package.

3. Which distribution should I choose?
Ubuntu is by far the most popular distribution for beginners, but most of the big names – OpenSuse, Fedora and so on – are just as approachable and have their strengths. Mandriva works well when syncing with Windows Mobile, for example.

4. Understand desktop environments
The familiar windowed desktop of any operating system is simply a layer on top of the core code that makes it easier for you to interact with your computer. Because Linux is highly modular, this desktop environment is easily separated from the core operating system, and you can choose one from several options.

Most popular distributions will give you a choice of desktop environment, while smaller ones, like Mint, may only come in one flavour.

5. Which is best for Windows’ switchers?
Gnome and KDE are the closest to Vista or OS X, and most people will find Gnome easier to pick up. Others, life XFCE or LXDE are designed to run quickly on low end systems.

Don’t worry too much, though. The great thing about Linux is you want to try a different desktop manager without reinstalling your OS, you can. In fact, you can have several different ones on the same machine to choose from at login.

IN CONTROL: Whichever desktop environment you use, you have an incredible amount of control over the way it looks and behaves

Installation

6. Live CDs
Once you’ve decided which distribution you’d like to try, download the installation file (usually a .iso file) and burn it to CD or DVD. With many distributions, booting from that disc will give you the option to try a ‘live version’. This lets you boot into a Linux desktop without altering your current hard drive.

7. Look elsewhere
Don’t forget, though, that the Live version will have its limitations. Before you discard a distribution for looking dull, run a few searches to see if it can be spruced up. Remember, most distributions are designed for maximum hardware compatibility. Your PC can almost certain handle better desktop effects, for example.

8. Putting Linux on your PC
If you’ve never installed an operating system before, it can be quite daunting. Don’t fear, though, it’s a straightforward operating and the big distributions have excellent documentation for first timers, like installing ubuntu inside windows. You will find this option in any latest version of ubuntu.

9. Keep the Windows open
The easiest way to install a distribution would be to wipe your PC clean and start over. You may want to keep your existing Windows installation, though, to run applications like games that don’t work so well in Linux.

Most installation processes will guide you through setting up a dual boot system, with two or more operating systems on. You will need a separate hard drive or partition for each, though.

my recommendation is always go for install inside windows option in ubuntu.

10. Getting to grips with the file system
Navigating the C: drive in Windows is second nature to most people. Opening a file browser in Linux can be a shock. Instead of a few neatly named folders like Program Files, there are several obscure ones with names like “etc” and “opt” whose contents appear to be the same.

Linux programs spread bits of themselves around in each of these folders, and while it’s logical to the trained eye, it takes experience to understand. Take the easy option – don’t worry about it any more than you would the contents of C:\Windows.

11. Stay in your Home
All your important files, like documents, music and video, are kept in a separate partition called the Home partition. Each username you create has their own password protected area within Home, so you can set one up for everyone in your household.

12. Understanding Root
Just like Windows, there are two types of user accounts – administrator and normal. The administrator in Linux is called ‘Root’, and system files are locked for ordinary users to edit. If you ever try to edit a document and find it can’t be saved, or a folder can’t be copied, it’s probably locked for Root access too.

13. Become a superuser
Anyone can temporarily be elevated to the position of Superuser, allowing them to perform operations restricted to root. This is done by opening a terminal and starting a command with the prefix “sudo” or “su”, depending on your distribution. You’ll then be prompted for the adminstrator password, which will allow the command to be completed.

14. Don’t be afraid of the terminal
It’s one of those words that scares off the non-geek, but a terminal is simply a program that lets you enter commands as text, rather than mouse clicks.

Because of the Linux file structure, it’s simply quicker for many expert users to use the terminal rather than the file browser to do stuff. One day you might feel the same way, honest.

15. Open file manager as Root
If you prefer the familiarity of a graphical user interface, though, you can use the terminal to open your file manager with administrator access, to move locked folders or edit locked text files.

If you’re using Gnome, just enter ‘sudo nautilus’ in the terminal and an empowered file manager will appear. Remember there’s no restrictions to stop you irrevocably damaging your system, though.

16. Installing new programs
Unlike Windows or OS X, most Linux distributions come with a graphics editor, office suite, messenger software and so on pre-installed, and getting new programs is simple.

In your main menu you’ll find a
“package manager”, usually Synaptic or Yum, which lists all the files currently installed on your PC, along with ones you can download for free.

17. Learn about repositories
The package manager gets these software lists from repositories, which are FTP servers full of free software maintained by Linux advocates or organisations. You can add new ones in the Software Sources section of the start menu.

18. Don’t always update
The package manager will cross reference software you have installed with the version in your listed repositories to see if you’re running the latest build. You don’t have to update programs when the update manager warns you, though. Remember, with Linux, you’re in control.

EASY OFFICE: OpenOffice is a complete office suite which is also available for Windows. It looks a bit old fashioned, but will read and save Microsoft Office 2007 files

Troubleshooting

19. Fix display problems
If you’re getting strange screen artefacts, like text and cursors vanishing in OpenOffice or your mail client, and are using an Nvidia or AMD graphics card, it’s worth going to the manufacturers’ website to see if newer Linux drivers are available.

20. Manually installing drivers
Unlike Windows, you may never need to install a device driver on your Linux system. Most hardware is supported straight from the kernel. Manually installing drivers in Linux can be tough, though, even when the process is well documented. It’s a good idea to print off the readme file before you get started.

21. Drivers or programs don’t work?
Upgrading core kernel files with “header” in their name will likely break any manually installed graphics drivers and some programs too. The fix is simple – just reinstall them.

22. Recovery mode
Most distributions have a recovery mode of some sort available at the first menu screen to help you sort out problems with an operating system that refuses to boot. Ubuntu scores highly in this regard, because it has an option to easily reset the graphics system, often a cause of problems.

23. Look before you ask
The helpfulness of the Ubuntu forums – and indeed most Linux forums – when it comes to helping newbies out is legendary. Don’t just log in and start asking, though, run a few searches for the problems you’re encountering first.

In the unlikely event a walkthrough doesn’t already exist with a solution, you’ll get a better idea of how to phrase your question so everyone understands you first time.

24. Keep notes
The web is full of really useful Linux walkthroughs that can give you PC superpowers just by cutting and pasting a few lines into a terminal. Sometimes, these walkthroughs won’t work. It’s a good idea to keep track of changes you’ve made in case you need to go back and fix stuff later.

25. Get Wine
There are some Windows programs you may find you simply can’t do without. Spotify, Evernote, World of Warcraft, Left4Dead perhaps? Wine adds libraries to get most Windows apps running in Linux.

39 Masterpieces of Creative Advertisements

I believe that strong advertisement is a fastest way to convey the message to the audience and if they are attractive as become inspiration for others so it’s more useful. Sometimes they are just an advertisement but some companies works very hard to make their promotional / advertisement campaign very unique, striking and successful.

read more | digg story