Social problems of India


We often say many centuries coexist in India. But do they coexist in separately designated territories? Feudalism in the form of brutal coercion may appear to be a phenomenon confined to some villages in remote corners of the country, but social oppression, and discrimination against adivasis and indigenous tribal communities, dalits and other oppressed castes, and women at large are very much a pan-Indian reality.

In the horticultural farms of Karnataka for example, it is seen that young girls being forced to work in conditions of bondage. The same pattern prevails in SEZs and export-oriented industries in many parts of the country.

In Punjab, female fetuses lie buried in wells,

while even the celebrated Kerala model of human development has to bow reverentially to all kinds of anti-women prejudices sanctified in the name of religion and tradition.

The Outlook’s recent survey reveals evidences of the killing of the female child in the states of Haryana, U.P, Rajasthan, Bihar and Gujarat.

If this is not enough consider this,

  • Every 7 minutes a woman dies due to complications arising from pregnancy and childbirth in the country!
  • This translates into a high MMR of301 deaths for every 100,000 live births.
  • Contributing further to the challenges India faces is the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)in the counting which is “currently estimated to be around 60/1000 live births per year.
  • The ground reality for a vast majority of children in India continues to be grim and a number of Government and civil society initiatives are needed to improve the state of children and youth.
  • Out of every  100 children, 19 continue to be out of school.
  • Of every 100 children who enroll, 70 drop out by the time they reach the secondary level.
  • India is also home to the highest number of child laborers in the world. And it has the world’s largest
  • number of sexually abused children – 53 percent -according to a recent study released by the government.

With more than one-third of the country’s population below 15, children and youth should become the focal point of national development efforts if India is to take advantage of the demographic dividend. The involvement of youth volunteers in creating awareness about Hand AIDS, maternal mortality, birth registration, sanitation and other social issues shows that young people represent a powerful resource pool to address social problems that affect them provided they are made more educated and aware.

Another major challenge of our times is extreme poverty continues to be a major concern for India. Ending this scourge will require the combined efforts of all: Government, civil society organizations and the private ‘sector. Most of the programmers targeted at the amelioration of the disadvantaged or vulnerable sections of our society fail because of the failure of delivery mechanisms and lack of effective implementation.

Hence, what India needs is decentralization of powers by empowering local people as policy making bodies.

A major task is the improvement of delivery and capacity development, at district and local levels, in order to implement and monitor very large programmers targeting social, economic, and political inclusion, decreasing the incidence of violence- both gender and caste-based.

It should not forget its commitment to the Millennium Development Goals and the fact that it has set time bound targets, by which progress in reducing income, poverty, hunger, disease, lack of adequate shelter and exclusion – while promoting gender equality, health, education and environmental sustainability – can be measured. These goals also embody basic human rights -.

the rights of each person on the planet to health, education, shelter and security. Unless urgent action is taken across all sectors to reverse these trends, the social repercussions for future generations could be devastating.

The Eleventh Five Year Plan has human development reporting integrated into it, including credit and social security, opportunities for decent work, and participation in decision-making. The plan addresses these challenges through a mix of resource allocation, incentives for institutional reform of the delivery system, and public-private partnerships. Missions on health and education require concerted efforts to promote greater access of vulnerable groups, such as women, dalits, tribal groups, and religious minorities, to basic services Partnerships. The world has the money, resources and technology to achieve these Goals but only if the government takes urgent and concrete action now.

For that society must be aware about these issues and thus this is my very small contribution in that direction. I strongly believe that only strong education system can bring any radical change in society and for that educational institute and syllabus should be free from any prejudice and should be based on latest knowledge possessed by human being. Since years religious institutions lies at top of all other institution as education, government, politics but now the educational system should became the topmost institution and Only that will lead us to a happy and prosperous society.

Source :

chronicle September 2009.

The hindu archives

times of india.

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